God says: â€œWhoever does good whether male or female and he is a believer, We will most certainly make him live a good and pure life, and We will most certainly give them their reward for the best of what they did.â€(16:97). Can you please illustrate this pure life for us?
In the 97th verse of its 16th chapter, the Qurâan promises, both men and women, that if they have faith and perform righteous actions then in this very world they will be given a new life that has been called a good life. The great commentator of the Qurâan, AllÄmah TabÄtabÄâá¿‘ says the following regarding this verse:
The â€˜good lifeâ is that which is pure and in which there is no evil that could corrupt it or which would destroy its effects. This life gives man a special type of knowledge and power that prepares him to understand things as they truly are. He divides things into two categories:
The first are those things that are true and stable while the other is those things that are false and unstable. When the believer distinguishes these two from one another then, from the bottom of his heart he shuns the false and unstable, which is nothing other than this material world and its deceptive form. He seeks recourse in the honor of God. When his honor stems from God then the Devil with his insinuations, the carnal soul with its base desires and the world with its deception cannot dishonor him.
The reason for this is that he sees the falsity of the world and its blessings with insight. Of course, we mean by not being â€˜enthralled with the worldâ that the heart will not be attached to it and that one has a monotheistic view of the universe which necessitates the understanding that everything and everyone is attached to the one God.
It does not imply that one should not make use the world and shun it which is something that Islam is opposed to. The Qurâan has also repeatedly referred to everything in the heavens and the earth as being the blessings of God and that which Man must use and thank God for. However, that which is truly bad is the attachment of the heart to the world and relying and trusting in it rather than trusting in God.
The hearts of such people are attached to their Lord. This is the same Lord that affirms every truth with His words. They do not desire anything other than their Lord and do not love anything other than proximity to Him. They do not fear anything other than distance from Him and His anger. They understand an apparent and eternal life for themselves that no one other than their forgiving and loving God regulates
They do not see anything except beauty throughout that life and in their eyes everything that God has created is beautiful and nothing is ugly except those actions that entail disobedience to Him. Such a human being sees light, perfection, power, honor pleasure and happiness in his soul the extent of which cannot be delineated. Nor can one say how it is or how it is not. He is drowned in an eternal life that cannot terminate and an everlasting blessing that will not end. He has a pleasure that is free from pain and wariness and goodness and felicity that is not mixed with wretchedness.
This claim is a reality that the power of reason and the law also reaffirm and which many of the verses of the Qurâan also speak about. These effects of life only accrue from the true life.
The metaphorical life lacks such things. God has only allowed such effects to stem from the life that is the distinction of men of faith and good actions. This is a true and real life that God grants to those who are deserving of it.
This new and distinct life is not something that is separate from the previous one that is common to all. Although it is other than it, it is the same as it. There is only a difference in degrees not number. Therefore, the one who has such a life does not have two lives. Rather, his life has become more powerful, enlightening and effectual. This is much the same as the manner in which the Holy Spirit, that God specifically grants to the prophets (a), is not a third life. Rather, a life led in the Holy Spirit is of a higher degree.