In order to understand the status and value of women in Islam, first we must see, just as in some other schools of thought, whether the Quran regards the essence of women as different from that of men, or that they are the same; so the question is, are men and women of one essence or do they originate from two different essences? In answer to those people who regard women to have originated from a different essence than men and which is of lesser value, the Qurâan explicitly states that women have been created from an essence just like that of men; both are of the same kind. About the first human, God states: â€œâ€¦Your Lord who created you from a single soul, and created its mate from itâ€¦â€ (4:1) From this verse it can be easily understood that men and women were created from the same essence and which is of one kind. Islam places much emphasis on human dignity and since men and women originate from one essence, it equally emphasises the protection of the dignity of both. In other words, it can be said that the value and status of men and women depends on their humanity and, according to the Holy Quran, both have equally benefitted from this essence. According to this Quranic principle, women, like men, enjoy completely the rights related to their creation and humanity, such as the right to life, ownership, dignity, association, freedom and choice. Of course, what is in Islamic law in regards to womenâs rights in some cases differs, due to consideration of natural physical and spiritual differences (and consequently there are different responsibilities assigned to women and men).
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